Vol. 23, No. 2. Maritime Digest of Arbitration Awards and Court Rulings

Thorco Shipping A/S v. Effie Business Corporation S.A. (The “Thorco China”) – SMA 4316, 15 December 2015

NORGRAIN 1973 - FIRE - NORGRAIN EXCEPTIONS CLAUSE - IMPRACTICALITY - REPUDIATED / CANCELLED CHARTER PARTY Due to a cargo elevator, allegedly needed in order for a vessel to discharge bulk cargo, being unavailable due to fire, Charterer cancelled the charter party due to commercial impracticality and a clause in the C/P.
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London Arbitration 20/17

TIME CHARTER - NYPE - DURATION - OPTION TO EXTEND Basis verbiage in a pro forma recap, charterer argued for a 15 days extension of the time charter.  Owner disagreed that an extension was due, pointing to the ultimate recap which did not reference the extension.
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Wagenborg Shipping v. Rain CII Carbon (The “Azoresborg”) – SMA 4314, 17 May 2017

AMWELSH - CANCELLED / REPUDIATED CHARTER PARTY - MITIGATED LOSSES - BALLAST VOYAGE - SUBSTITUTE EMPLOYMENT - POSITIONING VOYAGE Upon cancelling the charter party during loading Charterer instructed Owner to mitigate losses by seeking other cargos. Owner repositioned the original vessel and had a sister ship sail a ballast voyage to the delivery location of the follow on time charter of the original ship.  Owner claimed for lost income and bunker costs due to repositioning.
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Agathonissos Special Maritime Enterprise v. ST Shipping & Transport PTE, Ltd. (The “Aganthonissos”) – SMA 4315, 31 May 2017

ASBATANKVOY - COLLISION - ALLISION - SHIP TO SHIP (STS) - SAFE BERTHING / SHIFTING - GENERAL EXCEPTIONS - CONTRIBUTORY NEGLIGENCE - SEAWORTHY - INCOMPETENCE - LANGUAGE BARRIER - DEMURRAGE - DAMAGES Prior to a Ship to Ship Transfer a supply boat collided with the tanker (“Agathonissos”) it was sent to support.  The Agathonissos subsequently was delayed in lightering the vessel to be lightered (VTBL) which, being needed elsewhere, lightered to a replacement lightering tanker.  The replacement lightering tanker eventually lightering to the Agathonissos after the Agathonissos was repaired.  The owner of the Agathonissos alleged the supply vessel was unseaworthy due to its crew and held the Agathonissos’s charterer liable.  The charterer alleged the same of the Agathonissos.  Charterer also attempted to rely upon clauses 6 and 7 of ASBATANKVOY to deduct time from counting.  Owner pointed to two clauses in the C/P, Clauses 9 and 19 of ASBATANKVOY, within which the charterer assumes the risk and peril of a lightering and neither party is to be held liable under certain circumstances.
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BBC Chartering Carriers GMBH v Primavera Importacao E Expoertacao De Carais LTDA and LT Cargo Transportes E Armazens Gerais LTDA. (The “Nalinee Naree”) – SMA 4313, 18 April 2016

DETENTION - REPUDIATED CHARTER PARTY - DEADFREIGHT - HULL CLEANING - MITIGATED DAMAGES After awaiting several weeks for cargo, the charter party was repudiated and the owner fixed mitigating voyages. Owner claimed for detention, deadfreight, and hull cleaning expenses.
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Gard Shipping AS v Clearlake Shipping Pte Ltd – QBD (Comm Ct), 12 May 2017

CHARTERPARTY – EXTENSIVE DELAY AT DISPORT - ESCALATION FROM DEMURRAGE RATE TO DETENTION RATE – BUNKER COST - WAITING TIME – FLOATING STORAGE The vessel tendered its NOR upon arrival at the disport and after no further instructions were given by Charterer she waited 64 days before discharging. Owner claimed Charterer used the vessel as floating storage and applied a clause in the C/P enabling demurrage to be charged at an escalating rate. Charterer countered by stating the 64 days were to be charged as ordinary laytime and demurrage.
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London Arbitration 17/17

CLAIM FOR DETENTION - ASSESSMENT OF ACTUAL LOSS - WHETHER DEMURRAGE RATE USED FOR CALCULATION OF DAMAGES TO BE GROSS OR NET OF COMMISSION After sitting at the agreed upon discharge port for an extended period charterer directed the vessel to a disport not included in the fixture recap. Upon the ultimate completion of discharge owner presented charterer with a claim for detention which utilized the agreed demurrage rate. The panel would be tasked at both determining the validity of the claim and the appropriate rate to be used.  
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London Arbitration 13/17

WEATHER DELAY - HOLIDAY, SHINC, & SATURDAY - AWAIT DOCUMENTS ONBOARD - ONCE ON DEMURRAGE, ALWAYS ON DEMURRAGE - DETENTION - BURDEN OF PROOF Charterer disputed owner’s demurrage calculations with weather reports. Owner disputed that the documents onboard allowance was due as the relevant clause referenced laytime and whilst awaiting documents the vessel was on demurrage. Charterer claimed both a holiday and a holiday on a Saturday should be deducted from time counting. Finally, charterer requested a documents onboard allowance whereas owner implied, “once on demurrage, always on demurrage.”
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London Arbitration 9/17

DEMURRAGE - DELAY DUE TO A LABOR STRIKE A labor strike at the disport interrupted the Vessel's discharge. After the voyage, the Charterer refuted the resulting demurrage basis the Gencon General Strike Clause.
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London Arbitration 15/17

NYPE – CRANE BREAKDOWN – OFF HIRE – LASHING MATERIALS – SHORE CRANE HIRE – BURDEN OF PROOF – PROVISION OF ORIGINAL INVOICES VERSUS PDF’s When one of the Vessel’s cranes couldn’t be used, charterer asserted the vessel was off hire and claimed for costs.  Owner countered that as no time was lost the vessel was on hire and in response to charterer’s claim for costs, owner requested original invoices rather than .pdf’s.  Owner also claimed for the cost of lashing material whilst charterer claimed for the cost of a shore crane hired due to vessel’s broken crane. long with...
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